Numerous investigations have shown that walking is good for our health while we enjoy exercising outdoors, breathing fresh air, and enjoying nature. Hiking can be a good way to get in shape while we practice this sport in the company of friends, family, and even with our pets. Do you dare to discover it?
Just a passing review of what is the practice of hiking, because I understand that many of you know what this sport is (not competitive). Trekking is simply the practice of sports and physical activity that consists of walking on foot, paths, or country routes, natural previously programmed and marked. It seeks to bring the person closer to the natural environment, and to the knowledge of certain areas with cultural, historical interest, etc. In hiking, a symbiosis is established between sports, health, culture, and the environment.
Benefits Of Hiking On Physical, Mental And Social Health
The first thing I have to say before the development of the sections is that the people who intervene in the practice of hiking (both the monitors and the walkers themselves) must possess appropriate physical, nervous or mental qualities in order to properly carry out their tasks.
The groups formed by walkers must be homogeneous in terms of qualities and possibilities so that the limitations of some do not hinder, hinder the good progress, and the proper rhythm of others or the whole group.
Each person or hiker, in particular, should do an act of reflection to know what their qualities/abilities and aptitudes are and also to know their physical, nervous, and mental defects or limitations in this regard. This is left to each person’s ethics and commitment to the group.
This is important because in some hiking clubs, what is known by inclusion and exclusion criteria is used.
Concrete Benefits For The Physical Mental, and Social Health Of Hiking
Regularizes the body’s metabolism: improves/lowers blood sugar levels, lowers total cholesterol, bad cholesterol and increases good cholesterol; stimulates the elimination of uric acid, conveniently aerates the lungs, facilitates venous return (from the legs to the heart), facilitates restful sleep, lowers blood pressure, improves appetite, increases self-esteem, safety and sense of dominance and Self-control, calms anxiety and nervous tension (adrenaline burning and produces endorphins = well-being hormones), protects cognitive ability and drives away dementias. In addition, it thins, speeds up the body and joints. Finally, together with proper nutrition, we can say that it revitalizes and rejuvenates, and even extends life.
From the social point of view, it makes people more sociable, communicative, and assertive in the practice of solidarity and companionship.
All this can be achieved if hiking is practiced correctly, frequently, and regularly.
We can say that they must possess all the qualities and faculties necessary to exercise their functions and tasks well.
Likewise, they must be very knowledgeable about the routes to be traveled, have a good previous experience in route routes, and be endowed with common sense and prudence. Ideally, they should also have some basic knowledge of first aid that they are capable of inducing/instilling confidence in hikers when it comes to the case and that they are innovative and creative in the search, discovery, and proposals of a new country and natural routes to perform.
Types Of Routes To Travel
They should be varied, in uncontaminated places, with trees, vegetation, and good oxygenation, with pleasant views and, if possible, on country or mountain roads or paths, well signposted (markings and signs) and communicated in case of emergencies.
Also interesting are the routes bordering the cities, towns, or coastal areas, bordering the sea.
Precautions To Take In Hiking
Before embarking on a march or traveling a route, type of terrain must be contemplated, with slopes, slopes, steep, slippery or dangerous terrain, previously considering the meteorological part that corresponds to the day of the route.
Carry mobiles, GPS systems, small first-aid kit, first aid, knife, flashlight … and necessary contact phone numbers.
Wear appropriate clothes and shoes according to the season of the year, bring a bottle of mineral water or canteen, to avoid dehydration; Protect from the sun with sunglasses approved by the European Union, hat, hat, go protected against rain, or cold in winter.